ABBA Lab

Advanced Biomaterials for Biomedical Applications Lab

Journal

Fabrication of mechanically tunable and bioactive metal scaffolds for biomedical applications
Year
2015~
Author
Hyun-Do Jung*, Hyun Lee, Hyoun-Ee Kim, Young-Hag Koh, Juha Song
Journal
JoVE (Journal of Visualized Experiments)
Vol
106
Page
e53279
Biometal systems have been widely used for biomedical applications, in particular, as load-bearing materials. However, major challenges are high stiffness and low bioactivity of metals. In this study, we have developed a new method towards fabricating a new type of bioactive and mechanically reliable porous metal scaffolds-densified porous Ti scaffolds. The method consists of two fabrication processes, 1) the fabrication of porous Ti scaffolds by dynamic freeze casting, and 2) coating and densification of the porous scaffolds. The dynamic freeze casting method to fabricate porous Ti scaffolds allowed the densification of porous scaffolds by minimizing the chemical contamination and structural defects. The densification process is distinctive for three reasons. First, the densification process is simple, because it requires a control of only one parameter (degree of densification). Second, it is effective, as it achieves mechanical enhancement and sustainable release of biomolecules from porous scaffolds. Third, it has broad applications, as it is also applicable to the fabrication of functionally graded porous scaffolds by spatially varied strain during densification.