Advanced Biomaterials for Biomedical Applications Lab


Antibacterial PLA/Mg composite with enhanced mechanical and biological performance for biodegradable orthopedic implants
Hyun Lee, Da-Young Shin, Yuhyun Na, Ginam Han, Joodeok Kim, Nahyun Kim, Seo-Jun Bang, Hyeong Seok Kang, SeKwon Oh, Chang-Bun Yoon, Jungwon Park, Hyoun-Ee Kim, Hyun-Do Jung, Min-Ho Kang
Publication date
Biomaterials Advances
1-s2.0-S2772950823002467-main.pdf (9.2M) 19회 다운로드 DATE : 2023-08-14 13:09:51
Biodegradability, bone-healing rate, and prevention of bacterial infection are critical factors for orthopedic implants. Polylactic acid (PLA) is a good candidate biodegradable material; however, it has insufficient mechanical strength and bioactivity for orthopedic implants. Magnesium (Mg), has good bioactivity, biodegradability, and sufficient mechanical properties, similar to that of bone. Moreover, Mg has an inherent antibacterial property via a photothermal effect, which generates localized heat, thus preventing bacterial infection. Therefore, Mg is a good candidate material for PLA composites, to improve their mechanical and biological performance and add an antibacterial property. Herein, we fabricated an antibacterial PLA/Mg composite for enhanced mechanical and biological performance with an antibacterial property for application as biodegradable orthopedic implants. The composite was fabricated with 15 and 30 vol% of Mg homogeneously dispersed in PLA without the generation of a defect using a high-shear mixer. The composites exhibited an enhanced compressive strength of 107.3 and 93.2 MPa, and stiffness of 2.3 and 2.5 GPa, respectively, compared with those of pure PLA which were 68.8 MPa and 1.6 GPa, respectively. Moreover, the PLA/Mg composite at 15 vol% Mg exhibited significant improvement of biological performance in terms of enhanced initial cell attachment and cell proliferation, whereas the composite at 30 vol% Mg showed deteriorated cell proliferation and differentiation because of the rapid degradation of the Mg particles. In turn, the PLA/Mg composites exerted an antibacterial effect based on the inherent antibacterial property of Mg as well as the photothermal effect induced by near-infrared (NIR) treatment, which can minimize infection after implantation surgery. Therefore, antibacterial PLA/Mg composites with enhanced mechanical and biological performance may be a candidate material with great potential for biodegradable orthopedic implants.